Three projects by Zaha Hadid Architects nominated for ArchDaily Building of the Year 2022

ArchDaily has nominated three projects by Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA) to compete for the 13th edition of its Building of the Year Award (BOTY); Striatus concrete 3D printed masonry bridge exhibited in Venice, Infinitus Plaza in Guangzhou & Eleftheria Square in Cyprus

Striatus is an arched masonry footbridge composed of 3D-printed concrete blocks assembled without mortar or reinforcement, developed by the Block Research Group (BRG) at ETH Zurich and Zaha Hadid Architects Computation and Design Group (ZHACODE), in collaboration with incremental3D (in3D) and made possible by Holcim. The 16 x 12 metre footbridge is the first of its kind, combining traditional techniques of master builders with advanced computational design, engineering and robotic manufacturing technologies. Proposing a new language for concrete that is structurally informed, fabrication aware, ecologically responsible and precisely placed to build more with less, Striatus optimises the properties of masonry structures, 3D concrete printing (3DCP) and contemporary design; presenting an alternative to traditional concrete construction. The name “Striatus” reflects its structural logic and fabrication process. Concrete is precisely printed in layers orthogonal to the main structural forces to create a “striated” compression-only structure that requires no mortar or reinforcement. Using a special concrete ink developed by Holcim, this method of 3D concrete printing combines the principles of traditional vaulted construction with digital concrete fabrication to use material only where it is structurally necessary and eliminate waste. As the construction does not need mortar, the blocks can be dismantled, and the bridge reassembled at different location. If the construction is no longer needed, the materials can simply be separated and recycled.

Establishing the square as the city’s main
gathering space, ZHA’s design creates new connections intended to unite a
divided capital. Nicosia’s massive Venetian fortifications separate the old
city from its modern districts, while the city’s ‘Green Line’ divides the
capital into two disparate communities. Eleftheria
Square is adjacent to the city’s Venetian Walls and the dry moat that encircles
Nicosia. Constructed in the Middle Ages and extensively rebuilt by the
Venetians in the 16th century, these substantial defensive walls define the
boundary of the oldest part of the capital, dividing the ancient city from the
new districts outside the walls. ZHA
envisioned Eleftheira Square as the initial phase of a larger urban plan that
could be a catalyst for the reunification of the capital. The design ensures
unobstructed views of the Venetian Walls, establishing these fortifications as
an integral part of Nicosia’s identity, while also transforming previously
inaccessible areas of the moat with new civic plazas and gardens. ZHA proposes
these new public spaces within the moat are extended to follow the ancient city
walls and encircle Nicosia, reconnecting communities of this divided capital.
The upper level bridge meets the surrounding
streetscape, connecting with the city’s urban fabric and defining a new public square
in the heart of the capital. The bridge and its supporting columns are crafted
in concrete, their sculptural forms ensure structural integrity in this seismic
region while the base of each column morphs into seating. The renovation of the square involved extensive
archaeological excavations together with works to repair protect the historic
Venetian Walls. New stairs and elevators directly connect with the bus terminal
in Solomos Square.

Infinitus Plaza is the new global headquarters
of Infinitus China. Incorporating work environments designed to nurture
connectivity, creativity and entrepreneurship, the new headquarters also
includes the group’s herbal medicine research facilities and safety assessment
labs as well as a learning centre for conferences and exhibitions. Anchoring Guangzhou’s new Baiyun Central Business
District as a national centre for China’s health and wellness industries,
Infinitus China’s new headquarters combines innovative design and construction
technologies with proven sustainability strategies to create spaces that unite
all departments and enhance communication throughout the group.

The ArchDaily BOTY platform is open until February 9th, for
readers to select the finalists for each category. The selected finalists will
be announced in February, when voting will open to select the winner of each
category.

Vote
for Striatus here

Vote
for Infinitus Plaza here

Vote for Eleftheria Square here (public architecture category) & again here (installation category)

Source: zaha hadid

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